- Hay fever is a common allergic condition that affects one in five people at some point in their life
- Symptoms of hay fever can include itchy, red or watery eyes, a runny nose and sneezing
- Badrul Hussain, Moorfields Private consultant eye surgeon, gives his top tips for reducing hay fever symptoms
Affected people may experience hay fever symptoms if they have an allergic reaction to pollen. Pollen is fine powder released by plants and when these tiny particles come into contact with your eyes, nose, mouth and throat, they can trigger an immune response causing the body to react with swelling, irritation and inflammation
Some people’s eyes can be particularly sensitive to pollen. Our body’s natural response is to wash the pollen out, which is why some people end up with watery eyes. They can also become red, itchy, and sticky as the immune system reacts.
There is no cure for hay fever, but many people find their symptoms improve as they get older. Symptom relief treatment is available to use during the pollen season.
You can treat your hay fever symptoms with over-the-counter medications from your local pharmacist. Anti-histamine nasal sprays and/or tablets are one of the best ways to relieve symptoms and should be taken before the hay fever season starts for the best results.
Eye drops containing antihistamine are also available from your pharmacy. These should reduce the inflammation in your eyes and relieve the itching. Sometimes, allergic reactions may need review by an eye specialist and treatment with medication that dampens down the immune reaction such as steroids.
Badrul Hussain, consultant eye surgeon, gives his top tips for reducing hay fever symptoms
- Wear wraparound sunglasses to help reduce pollen contact with the eyes.
- Shower, wash your hair and change your clothes after spending time outdoors to remove any pollen from your skin and hair.
- Dry washed clothes indoors during the peak pollen season.
- Stay indoors when the pollen count is high – different types of pollen can affect different people, although there can be a crossover. A pollen forecast can be viewed at the Met Office.
- Alcohol may increase allergy symptoms and should be avoided when your hay fever is at its worst.