Chalazion

Page Contents

  • What is a chalazion?
  • Chalazion causes
  • Chalazion symptoms
  • Identifying a chalazion vs a stye
  • Chalazion treatments
  • Reasons to choose Moorfields Private for your chalazion treatment
  • How much does chalazion treatment cost?
  • When is chalazion surgery required?
  • How to prevent chalazion
  • Further information
  • What is a chalazion?

    A chalazion is an eye condition that commonly occurs due to inflammation around the opening of the oil glands at the base of your eyelashes. This is called blepharitis. As a result, a small chalazion cyst or lump develops in the eyelid, however, they tend to only last a few weeks and are typically not painful.

    Chalazion causes

    The inflammation is caused by a sensitivity to a common bacteria found on your skin. When the openings of the small oil glands around your lashes become blocked by inflammation, a small tender swelling will occur in the lid. This is known as a chalazion.

    Other risk factors include rosacea - a common skin condition which can affect the eyelids and eye area. Although it is rare, chalazions can also be a result of an eye condition known as viral conjunctivitis.

    Chalazion symptoms

    Chalazions can occur in various sizes, with a small proportion potentially remaining as a painless lump on the eyelid for up to a few months. A chalazion may also spontaneously discharge when the lid is cleaned or when hot compresses are applied to the area.

    • A small lump which develops on an eyelid.
    • It may cause mild pain or irritation, particularly if it has just started - this usually settles.
    • There is a chance of infection
    • Sight is not affected

    Identifying a chalazion vs a stye

    It can be difficult to differentiate between a stye and chalazion, as they are both lumps which develop around the eye and are similar in appearance. However, there are differences between styes and chalazions.

    The main distinction is that styes tend to be painful and sore, whereas chalazions are typically painless. A stye can occur inside the eyelid or at the eyelash base and indicates an infection in the hair follicle or oil gland. In contrast, a chalazion is a sign of a blocked oil gland, although it can develop into a stye in some circumstances.

    Chalazion treatments

    Chalazions tend to clear up on their own over a period of a few weeks and there are chalazion treatments at home which can promote healing.

    Applying a warm compress to the area for 10-15 minutes and gently massaging the eyelids daily for a few minutes can help to soften oil blockages and effectively drain to the ducts. To prevent further discomfort, avoid touching the affected area once it starts to drain and ensure you keep it clean. Avoid wearing eye makeup and contact lenses throughout the chalazion healing stages.

    Chalazion treatment with over the counter products may also be recommended by your pharmacist. This may include chalazion eye drops, ointments and solutions to prevent infection occurring, alleviate any irritation and promote faster chalazion healing. Sometimes the chalazion may cause a spreading infection along the surface of your lid, which might need a course of oral antibiotics, but this is rare.

    Reasons to choose Moorfields Private for your chalazion treatment

    When you choose Moorfields Private for chalazion treatment, you can rest assured that you will receive the highest quality treatment and care. Moorfields Private has a worldwide reputation, with all of our surgeons holding accredited consultant positions at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, working at the very top of their profession.

    Above all, we pride ourselves on offering a service with complete continuity. At each visit, you will see the surgeon of your choice who will supervise every aspect of your care from start to finish. To make an appointment with one of our consultants please call our New Patients Enquiry team on Freephone: 0800 3283 421 or Email: moorfieldsprivate.enquiries@nhs.net

    How much does chalazion treatment cost?

    Fees for your initial consultation for chalazion treatment are charged at £200-£300. Once you have agreed a personalised plan with your consultant, the cost of treatment if needed, will be £600.

    When is chalazion surgery required?

    A small proportion of the chalazia will form hard lumps on the eyelid, which, if present for a few weeks can be incised and drained under local anaesthetic. This chalazion removal procedure will leave no visible scarring. As an alternative to chalazion cyst surgery, a doctor may administer a corticosteroid steroid injection into the hardened chalazion, which can potentially result in lightening of the skin surrounding the area.

    If chalazions continue to occur, your surgeon may also conduct a biopsy by removing a small tissue sample from the chalazion lump. This will be examined for any indications of other serious medical conditions, such as cancer.

    Our experienced consultant ophthalmic surgeons can assess your chalazion to advise on your treatment options. Please call our New Patient Team on 0800 3283 421 or enquire online to book an initial consultation.

    How to prevent a chalazion

    To prevent a chalazion from developing, daily lid cleaning is recommended. A warm wet flannel with a few drops of baby shampoo should be used to clean your eyelids before going to sleep at night. An antibiotic ointment is often prescribed in cases where blepharitis is causing repeated chalazion. This should be rubbed into the base of your lashes at night once your lids are clean.

    Additional tips for chalazion prevention include avoiding rubbing your eyes and only touching them with clean hands, replacing makeup regularly (around every 6 months), and protecting your eyes from pollution and dust by wearing glasses.

    Further information

    For more details, please check out our blog posts covering common queries:

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    Chalazion consultants

    A picture of Mr Kamran Saha

    Mr Kamran Saha


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Jimmy Uddin

    Mr Jimmy Uddin


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Dr Mariya Moosajee

    Dr Mariya Moosajee


    Consultant Ophthalmologist

    A picture of Mr Badrul Hussain

    Mr Badrul Hussain


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr George Voyatzis

    Mr George Voyatzis


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Raj Das-Bhaumik

    Mr Raj Das-Bhaumik


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Miss Alison Davis

    Miss Alison Davis


    Consultant Paediatric Ophthalmologist

    A picture of Miss Poornima Rai

    Miss Poornima Rai


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Bishwanath Pal

    Mr Bishwanath Pal


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Miss Annegret Dahlmann-Noor

    Miss Annegret Dahlmann-Noor


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Sajjad Ahmad

    Mr Sajjad Ahmad


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Miss Claire Daniel

    Miss Claire Daniel


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Daniel Ezra

    Mr Daniel Ezra


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Saab Bhermi

    Mr Saab Bhermi


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr David Verity

    Mr David Verity


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Miss Sharmina  Khan

    Miss Sharmina Khan


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of  Maria Theodorou

    Maria Theodorou


    Consultant Ophthalmologist

    A picture of Ms Pari Shams

    Ms Pari Shams


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr George Saleh

    Mr George Saleh


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

    A picture of Mr Anant Sharma

    Mr Anant Sharma


    Consultant ophthalmic surgeon (private practice in Bedford only)

    A picture of Miss Gillian Adams

    Miss Gillian Adams


    Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

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